Fortunately, treatment usually doesn't mean a hospital stay or a long, uncomfortable recovery. Thanks to less invasive procedures, varicose veins, and spider veins can be treated a number of ways on an outpatient basis. When veins in the body become diseased, the veins may not properly deliver blood or allow blood to flow in both directions. Interventional Radiologists utilize a series of procedures to fix damaged blood vessels.
Thrombolysis is a procedure, which dissolves abnormal blood clots in blood vessels, which improves blood flow to help prevent tissue and organ damage. Blood clots form within blood vessels and grow to block blood flow. During a thrombolysis an x-ray is used to guide medication or a medical device to the site of the blood clot in order to dissolve the clot.
Inferior Vena Cava Filters
Interventional Radiologists use imaging to place a filter in the inferior vena cava, which is the large vein in the abdomen which transports blood from your lower body to your heart, during a vena cava filter placement procedure. Inferior vena cava filters catches clot pieces that are created when a blood clot in the lower body breaks up. By catching the clot pieces, the filter prevents the pieces from travelling to the heart or lungs, which can cause dangerous complications or death.
Catheter-Assisted Procedures or Endovenous Laser Therapy
This treatment involves your doctor inserting a thin tube (catheter) into an enlarged vein and heating the tip of the catheter. As the catheter is pulled out, the heat destroys the vein by causing it to collapse and seal shut. This procedure is usually done for larger varicose veins.
Vein Stripping or Phlebectomy
This procedure involves removing a long vein through small incisions. This is an outpatient procedure for most people. Removing the vein won't adversely affect circulation in your leg because veins deeper in the leg take care of the larger volumes of blood.
In this procedure, your doctor injects small- and medium-sized varicose veins with a solution that scars and closes those veins. In a few weeks, treated varicose veins should fade. Although the same vein may need to be injected more than once, sclerotherapy is very effective on spider veins.