Every year nearly 1.4 million American are diagnosed with diabetes, according to the American Diabetes Association. Learning how to manage and live with type 2 diabetes can be challenging for anyone. The doctors, nurses, and dietitians in our diabetes specialty center provide the best medical care to help ease that challenge for all of our patients and families living with diabetes.
Diabetes occurs when the body lacks the hormone insulin or when the insulin is not able to work effectively to move blood sugar to the body’s cells. This results in blood sugar rising to abnormally high levels, which can cause damage to many organs. There is not a cure for diabetes, but treatment and proper management can help improve overall health. In order to properly treat and manage your diabetes, it’s important to understand the what type of diabetes you have.
Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes, also known as juvenile diabetes, is usually diagnosed in children and young adults. People with type 1 diabetes cannot produce enough, if any, insulin. learn more about caring for type 1 diabetes in the Division of Pediatric Endocrinology.
Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes, but it also is preventable. Insulin resistance is when the body doesn’t use insulin correctly. The body’s first reaction to this is for the pancreas to make more insulin to make up for it. However, over time the pancreas isn’t able to keep up and can’t make enough insulin to keep the blood sugar at normal levels, resulting in type 2 diabetes.
Common symptoms of both type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes that develop over a short period of time include:
- Frequent urination
- Increased thirst
- Increased hunger
- Weight loss
- Blurry vision
- Poor healing
With proper therapy and management, people with diabetes can live fulfilling and healthy lives.