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Primary Biliary Cirrhosis

Primary biliary cirrhosis is a rare, long-term disease in the liver caused by defects in the bile ducts. Bile is a digestive liquid made in the liver that travels through the bile ducts to the small intestine, where it aids digestion of fats and fatty vitamins.

This type of cirrhosis causes inflammation, destroying the bile ducts in the liver. This causes the bile to remain in the liver, gradually damaging liver cells and scarring the organ. As the disease develops and the scarring grows, the liver loses its ability to function.